Workers of all ages can be injured at work, but young and new workers may be more at risk. Injuries can result from inadequate training, orientation, and supervision; inexperience; and lack of awareness of workplace rights and responsibilities. Whatever your rolewe have tools and resources that can help reduce the risk.
Young workers have high rates of job-related injury. Limited or no prior work experience and a lack of safety training also contribute to high injury rates. Middle and high school workers may be at increased risk for injury since they may not have the strength or cognitive ability needed to perform certain job duties.
No one knows a workplace better than the people who work in it, so Part II of the Canada Labour Code gives the workplace parties—the employees and employers —a strong role in identifying and resolving health and safety concerns. The provisions of the Code are designed to strengthen employers' and employees' self-reliance in dealing with occupational health and safety issues and thereby making workplaces safer. As an employee, you have a key role to play in preventing work-related injuries and diseases.
Survey research indicates that a surprising number of 12 to 14 year olds in North America engage in some form of paid work, and work-related injuries for this age group are reported at rates similar to older teens. This paper focuses on parental perceptions and understandings of work safety based on focus groups conducted with urban Canadian parents of young teens who work for pay. Parents discussed the types of job held by their 12 to 14 year olds, the perceived costs and benefits to working at this age, and their understanding of risk and supervision on the job.
Keeping teens safe while working should be the highest priority of their employers — just as it is for their parents. They may look mature, but they often have had very little experience with the world of work. All kinds of materials to help employers, parents and teens learn about how to stay safe while working.
Occupational Health and Safety OHS legislation is the law that helps protect your health and safety at work. You have three basic rights:. Your employer must make sure you have the training and the skills to do your work safely.
Minimum standards such as general holidays, vacations, minimum wage and termination apply to all employees regardless of age. Young people who are 13, 14, or 15 years of age need to complete a Young Worker Readiness Certificate Course before they can begin working, and there are rules that restrict their hours of employment and the types of work they can perform. When you have successfully completed the course and received your Certificate of Completion, you can begin working as long as your parent has given signed consent. You would provide the employer with a copy of the signed Certificate.
Most research on youth injury in the workplace has focused on factors associated with young workers and the job. However, work injury rates may also vary in different jurisdictions. Researchers looked at injury rates in different Canadian provinces to identify additional factors that might contribute to workplace injury by jurisdiction, such as legislation.